以a-最初的形容词用法新探

以a-最初的形容词用法新探·alight

本站特约作者 李 翔

一、alight的用法

1. 根本词义:烧着,点着(on fire; lit)

2. 作表语。如:

The house was alight with candles. 屋子里点着蜡烛,亮堂堂的。

Her dress caught alight in the gas fire. 她的衣服让煤气炉烧着了。

有时用于比喻义。如:

Their faces were alight with joy. 他们因高兴而容光焕发。

3. 作宾语补足语。如:

A cigarette set the dry grass alight. 卷烟把干草点着了。

4. 作后置定语。如:

Martha looked up into a strange face and dark eyes alight with kindliness and concern. 马撒渐渐抬起头,映入眼帘的是张生疏的脸,脸上有一双充溢慈祥和重视的眼睛。

二、alight的调配

1. 用于be / catch alight,如:

His clothing caught alight. 他的衣服着火了。

2. 用于remain / stay alight,如:

The fire would remain alight overnight. 整个夜晚,篝火仍然燃烧着。

3. 用于set sth alight,如:

The building had been set alight by the killer.大楼被杀手放火烧了。

4. 用于keep sth alight,如:

The fires had to be kept alight each night. 每天晚上,炉火有必要烧着。

5. 用于well alight,如:

The fire should be well alight by now. 直到现在,炉火烧得很好。

The sky was alight with millions of stars 不计其数颗星星照亮了天空。

6. 用于alight with excitement / pleasure / laughter etc,如:

Jed's face was alight with excitement. 杰德激动得满面红光。

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